Bed Bugs(Cimex Lectularius)
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Bed Bugs are a notorious pest – one so feared that children are warned about them before they go to bed. Bed bugs are nearly impossible to remove without professional help, as these resilient pests can hide in even the smallest cracks and live for weeks without food. Bed bugs are also spreading across the United States, and unfortunately have become a serious problem in North Carolina.

SCIENCE INFORMATION

  • Official Name: Cimex Lectularius
  • Length: 4 to 5mm as adults.
  • Color: Orange, Brown, Red
  • Poisonous: No
  • Cause of Distress: Itch bites while sleeping.

LIFE CYCLE OF BED BUGS

Female bed bugs can lay up to 5 eggs per day. These eggs then hatch, and the juvenile bed bugs – usually whitish colored – will shed their skin many times as they grow. The shedding of skin is one of the telltale signs of bedbugs, because it is often left in crevices around your home.


As a mature adult, the pest can live for months without feeding, and will generally live for no longer than one year. It is very difficult to starve out a bedbug.

BED BUGS AS PESTS

Bed bugs are a parasitic insect. They have some of the “gentlest” bites of all biting insects, and almost exclusively feed at night. Although bed bugs do not travel in group, they do breed quickly, which means that in very little time you can have hundreds of bed bugs biting your body on a regular basis, all while you’re fast asleep.

And bed bugs can really bite. Unlike mosquitoes, which typically bite once and then fly off, bed bugs tend to bite in groups, which pest control experts refer to as “breakfast, lunch, and dinner.” These bites are often very itchy, last for a long time, and may be on embarrassing or uncomfortable places on your body – only for you to go to sleep and have them bite again.

HOW TO PREVENT BED BUG INVASIONS

While bed bugs may be hard to remove once they’ve moved into your home, they are preventable. Bed bugs can be prevented by:

  • Examining Hotels – Any time you travel, check the hotel for signs of bed bugs, including shed skin, small blood stains, and of course any bed bugs you see.
  • Heating Clothes – Bed bugs die in extreme heat. If you’re concerned you may have been in contact with bed bugs, take your clothes and put them in the dryer for over 30 minutes. This will kill any bed bugs on your clothes.

Also, bed bug infestations are easier to kill the faster you act. So if you think you may even have just one bed bug, call a pest control company and have them exterminated as quickly as possible.